Would US quitting the INF treaty rekindle a big-power arms race?

Would US quitting the INF treaty rekindle a big-power arms race?

"Russia has not adhered to the agreement".

It's Russian Federation that has been singled out for violating the accord.

The U.S. intends to follow through on President Trump's threat to leave a Cold War-era nuclear arms treaty with Russian Federation.

On Monday evening, Bolton met with Russia's National Security Council chief Nikolai Patrushev as well as Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov.

China wasn't a party to the pact that was signed in 1987 by U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev.

Adam Ni, a researcher on Chinese foreign and security policy at the Australian National University, said America's withdrawal from the treaty would have a significant effect on the military balance between the United States and China, especially if a conflict broke out, as it could deploy intermediate ground-based missile systems in Asia.

U.S. President Donald Trump and Russia's Vladimir Putin plan to meet in Paris next month, officials said on Tuesday, their first encounter since a summit in Helsinki that unleashed a storm of criticism that Trump was cozying up to the Kremlin.

A foreign ministry spokeswoman added, "It needs to be emphasized that it is completely wrong to bring up China when talking about withdrawal from the treaty". It represented a significant concession by Moscow-previously rejected by Gorbachev's predecessors and the Soviet military command-resulting in the destruction of 1,752 Soviet missiles, including SS-20s aimed at Washington's European NATO allies, as compared with 859 less powerful United States missiles, a lot of them Pershing IIs pointed at Moscow and other Soviet targets. In fact they said: "'You are breaching the INF treaty, '" Bolton said in an interview with Kommersant, a Russian broadsheet.

The Kremlin denied any such violation and suggested that it was Washington - and not Moscow - that had failed to comply with the pact.

Trump sparked concern globally at the weekend by saying he wanted to jettison the three-decade-old Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF) signed by former U.S. president Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev, the last Soviet leader.

"The INF is something that matters more to United States allies in Europe than it does to the U.S., since they are the ones in range of INF weapons", Bell told CNN.

Unlike those of the United States and Russian Federation, it is commonly believed that China's nuclear weapons are kept in storage and are not deployed on active alert in peacetime.

In July, the White House issued this statement from Bolton: "The president believes that the next bilateral meeting with President Putin should take place after the Russian Federation witch hunt is over, so we've agreed that it will be after the first of the year".

It put an end to a mini-arms race in the 1980s triggered by the Soviet Union's deployment of SS-20 nuclear missiles targeting Western European capitals.

Beijing is not a signatory to the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF).

"The aggressor will have to understand that retaliation is inevitable, that it will be destroyed and that we, as victims of aggression, as martyrs, will go to heaven", he said. Noting that Putin, a "serial violator of arms treaties", has kept Russian Federation in compliance with New START suggests that he sees it as operating in Russia's interests.

Yet the over-arching concern of many arms control experts is that the U.S. decision on INF will set the stage for mounting tensions and unbridled efforts by the major powers to out-arm each other with nuclear weapons.

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"I think we have had very professional, very work-like conversations and we look forward to continuing that", he told CNN.

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